Ubud Monkey Forest
The long tailed Macacues
The Ubud Monkey Forest is a nature reserve and Hindu temple complex in Ubud, Bali, Indonesia. Its official name is the Sacred Monkey Forest Sanctuary, and its name as written on its welcome sign is the Padangtegal Mandala Wisata Wanara Wana Sacred Monkey Forest Sanctuary.
Ubud Monkey Forest, is one of Ubud’s most popular attractions; a natural forest sanctuary that is home to a horde of grey long-tailed macaques. The site is well preserved thanks to a community-based management program. The forest is also conveniently positioned near Ubud Town Centre, and within easy walking distance from guesthouses and resorts along the main roads of Jalan Hanoman and the namesake Jalan Monkey Forest.
Alas Kedaton Monkey Forest
Alas Kedaton Monkey Forest and Sanctuary is located in the village of Kutuh in the district of Marga, Tabanan, approximately 25km northeast of Denpasar, the island’s provincial capital city, and 4.5km from Tabanan. The small forest of 12ha is inhabited by hundreds of grey long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis). Alas Kedaton Monkey Forest is easily regarded as the island’s ‘other monkey forest’ after the most prominent and often visited Ubud Monkey Forest with its band of monkeys. Kedaton is rather off the beaten track as it is located quite far from the main tourist destinations of the island.
Alas Kedaton Monkey Forest’s name comes from alas, meaning ‘forest’, and kedaton, or ‘kingdom’. The area of Alas Kedaton is historically located between the Mengwi, Tabanan and Badung rajadoms. Thus theoretically, it should be considered as part of Mengwi, yet in reality the Tabanan royal family has developed most influence over this temple. Inside the forest is a namesake temple, usually referred to as Pura Dalem Kahyangan Kedaton. This expansive complex is nestled amidst the dense woodland. Pathways surrounding the moss-covered temple walls provide a nice ambling tour, while the many places to stop and look over the shoulder-high partitions provide an insightful view into the temple grounds. The temple was built by the Hindu high priest, Mpu Kuturan, to unify the island’s Hindu sects, merging them into the Balinese Hinduism we know today. The high priest’s concepts allowed anyone from any caste or sect to offer their prayers at the Alas Kedaton temple. The Balinese long-tail macaques are considered sacred. So are the hoards of flying foxes that zoom through the misty forest lofts. Thus, the village locals, shopkeepers, guides and visitors are prohibited from harming them, no matter how impish and aggressive they may be. The wide open spaces, deep forest and attractive temple make Alas Kedaton a worthwhile visit, even without taking its wildlife into view. The Pura Dalem Kahyangan holds its piodalan temple anniversary every Anggara Kasih Tuesday on the Balinese Pawukon calendar, or roughly 20 days after the Galungan celebrations. The heights of festivities take place during the day, and conclude before sundown. The temple’s innermost grounds are the holiest and are discernibly lower compared to the outer perimeters. Four temple gates are located at the north, east, south and west, with the west being the main gate.
Sangeh Monkey Forest
The Sangeh Nature Tourism Object began to be pioneered on January 1, 1969 and began to experience development in 1971 with a funding source for the development of voluntary donations / Punia Funds charged to every visitor who enters the Sangeh Tourism Object. Starting January 1, 1996, levies are imposed based on Perda Tk II Badung No. 20 of 1995. In the technical management of Sangeh Tourism Object is entirely the right of the Manager in this case the Sangeh Traditional Village.
Sangeh Nature Tourism Object is not only famous for its docile existence, but because of the existence of 10 ha. Homogeneous Nutmeg forest (Dipterocarpus trinervis), the seeds cannot be eaten and there is also the Bukit Sari Temple which is a relic of the 17th Century during the heyday of the Mengwi kingdom.
According to history the existence of the Bukit Sari Temple is very closely related to the Kingdom of Mengwi, the Bukit Sari Temple was built by Anak Agung Anglurah Made Karang Asem Sakti, the adopted son of Raja Mengwi Cokorda Sakti Blambangan. It is said that he (Anak Agung Anglurah Made Karang Asem Sakti) did the “Rare” penance, which is to meditate like infants / children.
He got pawisik (inspiration) to make Pelinggih (Pura) in the Sangeh Pala forest, so since then Pura Bukit Sari stood right in the middle of the Pala Forest.
Based on the mythology believed by the people of Sangeh and its surroundings the name Sangeh is closely related to the existence of “Nutmeg Forest” which Sangeh comes from two words “Sang” means “People” and “ngeh” means “see” Sangeh means people who see. It is said that the woods (Nutmeg Forest) on the way from Mount Agung (east Bali) to one of the places of West Bali, on the way before arriving at the destination there was a view, finally the trees stopped in one place, which until now was called ” Sangeh “.
The Sangeh Pala Forest is inhabited by long tailed macaque monkeys (Macaca fascicularis), numbering around 600, and their existence is inseparable from the belief of the people who consider them to be incarnations of the Princess Warriors who were transformed into monkeys that inhabit the Pala Sangeh forest. Therefore, the surrounding community will not dare to disturb their existence, because they are considered sacred monkeys that bring blessings to the people of Sangeh and surrounding areas.
Their lives are like the lives of people in Bali where they have a group (Banjar) which is divided into (3) groups (Banjar), namely east, center, and west, and each group will have their respective leaders.
What is unique about their lives is that there is competition between males, which will always compete: in the group fighting for the King / Chair, and with other groups fighting over the territory, who is the strongest group that will control the middle group, with the most food sources.
Because the existence of the Tourism Object is very sacred by the people of Sangeh and its surroundings, those who come to the period or who have an accident (whose family has died) are expected not to enter the sacred area (Temple).
Each visitor will always be accompanied by local guides, in order to maintain safety and comfort.